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Pay attention to these signs and reduce individual risk – healing practice



Heart attack: risk test to assess personal risk

Of the Heart attack is one of the most common causes of death in this country. The sooner it is treated, the greater the chances of survival. It’s important for that panels detect a heart attack. Experts explain what to look for.

According to a recent Message the German Heart Foundation offers the HerzFit digital assistive app to maintain heart health and a risk test to assess personal heart attack risk.

Coronary artery disease often goes unnoticed for a long time

Coronary heart disease (CHD) often precedes a heart attack (myocardial infarction) that has gone unnoticed for decades.

In this disease, deposits of cholesterol, calcium, inflammatory cells and connective tissue constrict blood vessels. When the coronary arteries are affected, the heart muscle is no longer properly supplied with blood. There is a risk of a heart attack with all its serious consequences such as heart failure (heart failure) or, in the worst case, death.

“That’s why it’s important panels of a heart attack, but also to know your personal health values ​​in order to reduce your individual risk of heart attack”, says cardiologist Prof. Medical Dr. Heribert Schunkert, Deputy Chairman of the Board of the German Heart Foundation.

Quick action is vital

According to the German heart report 2021 die approximately 45,000 people suffer from heart attacks each year (2020: 45,529).

“Anyone who has a heart attack can protect their heart Irreparable damage and complications up to and including death by immediately alerting the emergency services by dialing 112 if a heart attack is suspected.”says Schunkert, who is the medical director of the German Heart Center Munich (DHM).

“The time lost during a heart attack due to hesitant behavior on the part of those affected and their relatives is fatal because the heart attack can at any time become malignant. cardiac arrhythmias can pass.”

As explained in the announcement, this leads ventricular fibrillationin which the heart beats more than 300 times per minute, leading to cardiac arrest within seconds.

Heart attacks usually happen at home, so only one on the Emergency call 112 The rescue team summoned with a defibrillator brings the fibrillating heart back to its normal rhythm, then immediately takes the patient to the nearest clinic for infarction care.

Typical symptoms

Severe pain that lasts more than five minutes is a typical symptom of a heart attack. The pain is usually in the chest, often behind the breastbone. In addition, pain in the back (between the shoulder blades) or in the upper abdomen (can be confused with “stomach aches”) may occur. warning sign be.

The pain may also be in the arm, neck, or upper abdomen shinethey are superficial and are described as burning and pressing with chest tightness.

The older the person who has a heart attack, the less pronounced the typical chest pain may be. In women than in men, other symptoms such as shortness of breath, nausea or vomiting, sweating, drowsiness or dizziness and inexplicable fatigue can be warning signs – in addition to the mentioned pain above or alone.

Know the important health values

Blood pressure, heart rate, LDL cholesterol, long-term blood sugar and weight are important health valueswhich can provide early indications of cardiovascular disease and an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.

“It is all the more important to know these values ​​and to master their course”, says Professor Schunkert. In the HeartFit app from the Heart Foundation, these values ​​can be entered easily. In this way, an increased risk can be identified at an early stage and countermeasures can be taken quickly.

A risk calculator developed by cardiac experts is integrated in this application, with which the heart age can be determined. This age is calculated based on a few questions that must be answered.

Determine personal risk

In order to protect as many people as possible from a life-threatening situation such as a heart attack or stroke, the Heart Foundation offers one for those who do not wish to use an application. Heart attack risk test that asks questions about the most important risk factors for coronary artery disease in an easy-to-understand way.

The test records risk factors for lack of exercise, obesity, smoking, stress and poor diet, which adversely affect the cardiovascular system and contribute to risk diseases high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes and dyslipidemia (high cholesterol).

As Schunkert points out, the risk test users “An assessment of your personal heart attack risk and information on whether a medical examination is necessary. This can save thousands of affected people from a life-threatening course of the disease.”. (ad)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the specifications of the specialized medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been verified by health professionals.


  • German Heart Foundation: Recognizing precursors to heart attacks and preventing risk factors, (accessed: 01.10.2022), German Heart Foundation

Important Note:
This article contains general advice only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. It cannot substitute a visit to the doctor.

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